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Introduction

Two third of the Japanese Archipelago is dominated by mountains, 100 million people are forced to live and work in slopes or around slopes. Landslides have caused disasters. In 1959, "Landslide Section" was founded in the Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI), Kyoto University as a unique research unit in the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sports of Japan. This section was reorganized into Research Centre on Landslide (RCL) in 2003, and develpoed into Research Center for Landslide Disaster Risk Cognition and Reduction (LCR) in 2023 based on a special MEXT budget request. Research Center for Landslide Disaster Risk Cognition and Reduction is still the only centre specialized for landslide research in the Ministry. The Landslide Observatory was founded in Tokushima Prefecture as a field monitoring and investigation in DPRI, thereafter, both units have done landslide research from fields and experiments. In 1996, DPRI was reorganized as the national joint research institute and a new section of "Slope Conservation Section" was founded. Then Landslide Section, Slope Conservation Section and Mountain Disaster Section were cooperating in the same Geo-Disaster Division, DPRI, Kyoto University.

Mission

The Research Center for Landslide Disaster Risk Cognition and Reduction (LCR) was established in April 2023. LCR aims to pursue research for protecting human lives, properties, and cultural and natural heritages from landslides. LCR conducts research on the mechanisms of initiation and motion of landslides triggered by earthquakes and rainstorms. Efforts are made for the areal prediction of rapid and long-travel landslides, the Development of landslide monitoring and warning system in a global scale, and new techniques of landslide field investigation and instrumentation. Education and capacity building for landslide risk mitigation is also an important task of LCR. As the core centre of global landslide research network, LCR is coordinating international programmes.